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논문 상세정보

KVLCC2에 대한 파랑 중 부가저항과 수직운동에 대한 수치해석

Numerical Analysis of Added Resistance and Vertical Ship Motions in Waves for KVLCC2

초록

본 연구에서는 KVLCC2의 파랑 중 부가저항과 운동을 Unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes(URANS) 방법과 3차원 포텐셜법을 이용하여 추정하였다. 수치해석은 3가지 선박속도(설계, 운항, 정지 속도)에서 다양한 파랑조건에서의 선박의 부가저항 및 수직운동(상하 및 종 동요 응답)의 추정에 대해 수행되었다. 첫째, CFD와 3차원 포텐셜 방법을 이용하여 규칙파에서의 선박속도와 파랑조건에 따른 선박의 부가저항과 운동을 추정하고 실험값과의 비교를 통해 두 수치 해석법의 특징을 살펴보았다. 둘째, CFD를 이용한 선박의 속도별 비정상 파형 분포와 선박의 부가저항 및 운동의 시간이력에 대해 해석하였다. 수치 격자계에 대한 수렴도를 확인하였고 수치계산과 모형시험 결과를 비교하여 사용한 수치 기법들을 체계적으로 검증 하였다. 이를 통해 본 연구에 적용된 수치해석법들의 신뢰성과 선속변화에 따른 파랑 중 부가저항과 선박의 수직운동에 대한 관계를 확인하였다.

Abstract

The present study provides numerical simulations to predict the added resistance and ship motion of the KVLCC2 in regular waves using the unsteady Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) and 3-D potential methods. This numerical analysis is focused on added resistance and vertical ship motions (heave and pitch) under a wide range of wave conditions at three ship speeds (design, operating and zero speeds). Firstly, the characteristics of the CFD and 3-D potential flow methods are presented to predict added resistance and ship motions in regular waves taking into account various wave conditions at design speed to provide a validation study as well as at operating and zero speeds. Secondly, analyses of added resistance and ship motion with unsteady wave patterns and time history results as simulated by CFD were performed at each ship speed. Systematic validation and verifications of the numerical computations in this study were made against available Experimental Fluid Dynamics (EFD) data including grid convergence tests to demonstrate that reliable numerical results were obtained for the prediction of added resistance and ship motion in waves. Relationships between added resistance, vertical motion and changes in ship speeds were also found.

저자의 다른 논문

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