4차 산업혁명의 핵심 기술인 인공지능은 정치, 문화, 산업, 경제 등 사회의 여러 분야에 적용되며 혁명적인 변화를 야기하고 있다. 이에 따라 인공지능 시대를 이끌 학생들에게 인공지능으로 인한 사회의 변화를 인식하고, 인공지능에 대한 지식을 습득하며, 다양한 상황에서 인공지능을 활용할 수 있는 역량이 요구된다. 하지만 초등학생의 평균적 발달 수준에서는 인공지능의 개념과 원리를 학습하기에 어려움이 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 초등학생의 수준에 맞는 인공지능 교육 내용과 방법을 선정하여 교육 프로그램을 체계적으로 개발하고 이를 실제 교육현장에 적용함으로써 그 효과를 검증하고자 하였다. 본 연구에서 선정한 내용 체계는 인공지능으로 변화된 사회를 인식하는 'AI 사회인식', 인공지능을 체험하고 원리를 이해하는 'AI 이해하기', 인공지능을 활용해 실생활의 문제를 해결하는 'AI 활용하기'이고, 이에 따라 세부적으로 8가지 내용 요소들을 함께 구성하였다. 교육 방법으로는 활동중심, 타 교과 융합, 프로젝트기반학습으로 선정하여 초등학생의 수준에서 쉽고 즐겁게 인공지능을 학습할 수 있도록 총 20차시의 교육 프로그램을 개발하여 적용하였다. 또한 '인공지능에 대한 인식', '융합적 사고력', '창의적 문제해결력'과 '협업 역량'의 측면에서 프로그램의 적용 효과를 분석하였으며, 4가지 측면 모두에 대해 긍정적인 변화를 검증하였다.
As the core technology of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, AI is applied to various fields of society(e.g. politics, culture, industry, economy, etc.) and causes revolutionary changes. Students who will lead the age of AI need the ability to recognize social changes due to AI, acquire AI related knowledge and utilize AI in various situations. However, it is difficult for elementary school students to understand the concept and principles of AI. Therefore, this study developed an AI education program by selecting educational contents and methods appropriate to the level of elementary school students, and investigated the educational effects of the program by applying it to an actual educational setting. The content selected in this study is 'Social Awareness on AI', 'Understanding AI' and 'Utilizing AI', and eight content elements were selected. To help students learn AI easily and pleasantly at their level, activity-centered education, convergence of subjects and project-based learning were selected as instructional methods, and 20 sessions of education program were developed and implemented. In addition, the effects of the program were analyzed concerning 'perception on AI', 'convergent thinking', 'creative problem-solving' and 'collaboration capability', and positive changes were verified for all four aspects.
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